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Chikmagalur – Western Ghats of Karnataka

Karnataka is blessed with natural beauty, history and ideal climatic conditions. The Western Ghats in Karnataka, which is one of the eight bio-diversity hotspots called Sahyadri and Malnad region in Karnataka. Western Ghats in Karnataka has abundant natural beauty with forests, waterfalls, coffee plantations, tea plantations, hills, rivers, mountains. It passes through some amazing places of interest in Karnataka like Dandelli in Karwar district, Jog in Shimoga district, Agumbe in Shimoga district, Kudremukh in Chikmagalur district, Shishila in Chikmagalur district, Bisle ghat is Sakleshpur, Hassan district, Pushpagiri hill ranges in Coorg, Brahmagiri in Coorg district.

Alekhan falls near Kottigehara near Mudigere in Chikmagalur

Photo credit: tspkumar(flickr)

Western Ghats in Karnataka is birth place of almost all rivers like Cauvery, Tunga, Bhadra, Netravathi, Hemavathi, Harangi, Mahadayi,Varahi, Supa, Kali, Sita nadi,Some rivers are west flowing and drain into Arabian Sea and some rivers are east flowing and drain into Bay of Bengal. The rivers are perineal and depend on monsoon rains. The forests of Western Ghats in Karnataka bring about rains in the hills, mountains of Western Ghats. The forests, valleys drench the water and give raise to these rivers, Hence there is lot of ecological significance to Western Ghats apart from the beauty of Western Ghats especially if you were to travel from Dandelli, Sirsi, Jog, Agumbe, Kudremukh, Kotteghera, Shishila, Bisle, Kumaraparvatha upto Brahmagiri hills in Coorg.

People of Western Ghats region (Malnad) are traditional and take pride in their culture, history and mainly from agrarian communities. Rice and sugar cane, Areca nut, pepper, cardamom were the main crops cultivated in Western Ghats region of Karnataka for hundreds of years. People here domesticated native breads of cows, hen, dogs, pig were a way of like in the Ghats due to heavy rainfall until the British, Sufi saints introduced Coffee, Tea plantations in Western Ghats. There is abundant Flora and fauna in Western Ghats, there are about 8000 varieties of flowering plants, 2000 varieties of non-flowering plants, 140 mammals, 600 birds, 300 fresh water fish and many more undiscovered species of plants and insects.